The new text formats challenge the adequacy of traditional linguistic frameworks for their analysis.
The rise of these formats necessitates a reevaluation of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) reading theories rooted in a linguistic view of texts.
To examine texts whose compositional elements fall beyond language bounds, a multimodal framework was deemed suitable as it is a multidisciplinary enterprise that accounts for meaning in all its forms.
Multimodality recognizes that meanings in different modes (script, images, diagrams, color, layout, etc.) are interconnected within a text.